important in India, and is what their life is centered around. It is
common for several generations to live in the same house as an extended
When a woman marries, she leaves her birth family, many times
without seeing them again, and goes to her husband’s village and becomes part of
significant discrimination toward girls and women. While young girls are
expected to help with the women’s work (which consists of fetching water,
preparing meals, cleaning, and caring for animals) as well as care for their
younger siblings; boys have it much easier.
They may be required to herd
goats and other animals to and from the fields, but in general have it much
easier than their female counterparts and this discrimination doesn’t end with
A simple draped
cloth is still the basic attire for many Indians. The women wear a sari,
which is worn with a blouse underneath, with the material ranging from cotton to
silk. Men generally wear a dhoti, which can be worn full length or
as “pants” depending on the region. In northern India, western
clothing has replaced that of the traditional for men, while women still wear
saris or other Indian styles of dress. In rare cases women will wear
slacks and blouses, but that is generally among the elite.
To the foreign traveler, one of the powerful attractions in India is the
colorful and diversified attire of its people. The silk saris, brightly
mirrored cholis, colorful lehangas andthe traditional salwar-kameez
have fascinated many a traveler over the centuries.
For a single length of material, the sari must be the most versatile
garment in existence. It is only one of the many traditional garments worn by
women, yet it has somehow become the national dress of Indian women. A sari
is a rectangular piece of cloth which is five to six yards in length. The style,
color and texture of this cloth varies and it might be made from cotton, silk or
one of the several man-made materials. The sari has an ageless charm
since it is not cut or tailored for a particular size. This garment can fit any
size and if worn properly can accentuate or conceal. This supremely graceful
attire can also be worn in several ways and its manner of wearing as well as its
color and texture are indicative of the status, age, occupation, region and
religion of a woman.
The tightly fitted, short blouse worn under a sari is a choli.
The choli evolved as a form of clothing in 10th century AD and the first cholis
were only front covering; the back was always bare. Bodices of this type are
still common in the state of Rajasthan.
Apart from the choli, women in Rajasthan wear a form of pleated skirt
known as the ghagra or lehanga. This skirt is secured at the waist
and leaves the back and midriff bare. The heads are however covered by a length
of fine cotton known as orhni or dupatta.
Another popular attire of women in India is the salwar-kameez. This
dress evolved as a comfortable and respectable garment for women in Kashmir and
Punjab, but is now immensely popular in all regions of India. Salwars are
pajama-like trousers drawn tightly in at the waist and the ankles. Over the salwars,
women wear a long and loose tunic known as a kameez. One might
occasionally come across women wearing a churidar instead of a salwar. A churidar
is similar to the salwar but is tighter fitting at the hips, thighs and ankles.
Over this, one might wear a collarless or mandarin-collar tunic called a kurta.
Though the majority of Indian women wear traditional costumes, the men in
India can be found in more conventional western clothing. Shirts and trousers
are worn by men from all regions in India. However, men in villages are still
more comfortable in traditional attire like kurtas, lungis, dhotis and
The traditional lungi originated in the south and today it is worn by
men and women alike. It is simply a short length of material worn around the
thighs rather like a sarong. A dhoti is a longer lungi but with an
additional length of material pulled up between the legs. Pyjama-like trousers
worn by the villagers are known as the lenga.
Indian dressing styles are marked by many variations, both religious and
regional and one is likely to witness a plethora of colors, textures and styles
in garments worn by the Indians.
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